About Follicular Unit Transplantation
Since the mid 1990’s, follicular unit hair transplantation (FUT) has been the most universal form of treating male and female-pattern hair loss. Contrary to previous methods of hair restoration where hair transplant surgeons used large-appearing hair grafts consisting of 10-25 hairs each, follicular unit hair transplantation uses smaller hair grafts that have 1-4 hair follicular groupings which mimic your hair growth pattern to procedure natural looking results.
For several days prior to surgery, you may want to avoid any medicines, or alcohol, which can result in intraoperative bleeding and poor "take" of the grafts.
Once the donor scalp is ready to be harvested, your scalp will be shampooed and then chemically treated with an anti-bacterial solution to prevent infection.
Overview of Follicular Unit Hair Transplantation
In practice, the follicular unit hair transplantation takes up to 4 hours per session and is performed on an out-patient basis. Follicular hair transplantation is a process of moving hair from the donor site to bald or balding parts of the head known as the recipient site. Your surgeon will inject local anesthesia into the donor area which numbs the treatment zone to prevent pain. The surgeon will then remove the donor strip from the posterior scalp and then close up the area with stainless steel staples that are designed for cosmetic surgery. In the mean time, hair transplant technicians will begin separating individual follicular hair units from the donor area using binocular stereo-microscopes. The team of technicians will then carefully remove excess fibrous and fatty donor tissue while trying to avoid damage to the follicular cells that will be used for grafting. Moving forward, the doctor will continue to create more recipient sites as the teams of skilled hair transplant technicians create more grafts until your treatment is complete.
Keep in Mind:
- Follicular unit hair transplant surgery is not for everyone. Schedule an initial consultation so that the hair transplant doctor can analyze your scalp and advise you on the best approach for your hair loss condition and whether or not you are a good candidate for follicular hair transplant surgery.
- If you are using any blood thinners or have an active medical condition; you may want to consult with your medical doctor to ensure that any prior ailments would not interfere with the surgery.
- Your expectations should be realistic and the total number of grafts required depends on your hair and complexion, donor density, scalp laxity, the thickness of each hair shaft, the number of hairs in each graft, and the character of the hair itself.